Alimony comes in many forms in the State of Florida. Alimony is always based upon one party's need for the support and the other party's ability to  pay the support. Alimony is also based upon the length of the marriage. A short-term marriage is a marriage having a duration of less than seven years. A moderate term marriage is a marriage having a duration greater than seven years, but less than seventeen years. A long-term marriage is a marriage having a duration of 17 years or greater.

In addition, the court may consider the adultery of either spouse and the circumstances of the adultery in determining the amount of alimony. There are other factors that a Court takes into consideration when determining whether to award alimony and how much to award.

Temporary alimony is alimony that is only temporary and occurs during the pendency of a divorce.

Bridge-the-gap alimony is alimony which is short term in nature that allows one spouse to become self­sufficient so that support by one spouse is no longer necessary. Bridge-the-gap alimony cannot exceed two years. Bridge-the-gap alimony is not modifiable and terminates upon the death of either party.

Rehabilitative alimony is alimony that allows for one party to return to school to obtain an education that will allow that party to return to the work force in a field and position that will benefit that party's financial ability to be self-sufficient and no longer dependent upon the other party. If Court is necessary in your case, a rehabilitative plan will be necessary to show the Court what plans are in place so that school can be completed, and a brighter financial future is evident. Rehabilitative alimony is modifiable.
Lump sum alimony is alimony that is paid in one lump sum or multiple lump sums. Upon payment of the lump sum, this form of alimony terminates.

Durational alimony is for short term to mid-length marriages, and can be awarded in a long-term marriage if permanent periodic alimony is inappropriate. Durational alimony can last as long as the marriage (i.e., durational alimony in a 13 year marriage can last as long as 13 years), but may not exceed the length of the marriag e. Durational alimony is modifiable.

Permanent period alimony is alimony that is permanent in nature. This form of alimony is almost exclusively awarded in long term marriage unless the Court justifies why permanent alimony is not appropriat e. Permanent periodic alimony is modi fiable.

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